Age-related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)/Macular Degeneration
Macular Degeneration is one of the leading causes of vision loss in people over the age of 60. In macular degeneration there is damage and deterioration to the macula, which is a small spot near the center of the retina. The macula is the part of the eye needed for sharp, central vision, which lets us see objects that are straight ahead.
There are two forms of Macular Degeneration (ARMD), dry and wet. Dry ARMD occurs when there is drusen in the macula. Drusen are small, yellowish deposits that build up when the macula is unable to get rid of waste products or the macula doesn’t get enough oxygen. Patients with Dry ARMD may experience a decrease in their central vision. Wet ARMD is when there is abnormal blood vessels that leak fluid in the macula. These blood vessels occur when there is insufficient nutrients delivered to the macula. Wet ARMD will cause decrease vision if not treated. Early detection and treatment of wet macular degeneration may help reduce vision loss and, in some instances, recover vision.
Some risk factors for Macular Degeneration include smoking, UV exposure, and family history. Yearly comprehensive eye examinations, dilated retinal exams, digital retinal photography (DRP), and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) are all recommended for monitoring Macular Degeneration.
Our iWellnessExam is a breakthrough technology that lets Dr. Julie Alamo-Leon see beneath the surface of the your retina, where signs of disease first appear. If you have family history of macular degeneration or you have been diagnosed with macular degeneration, please call our office and make an appointment for a comprehensive eye examination and evaluation.
Early detection and treatment of eye diseases may reduce your risk of vision loss.